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[:pb]Crystal structures, Hirsfeld surface analysis and a computational study of four ethyl 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate derivatives: a survey of organyl 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate structures[:]

[:pb]Authors: Gomes, L. R.; Low, J. N.; Van Mourik, T.; Pinto, L. S. S; De Souza, M. V.N. ; Wardell, J. L.
Source: Zeitschrift Für Kristallographie – Crystalline Materials, v. 234, p. 85-99, 2019
Publisher: De Gruyter


Abstract

Crystal structures, Hirshfeld surface analysis and a computational study have been carried out on 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylates. Crystal structures are reported for ethyl R-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate derivatives, 2a: R=6-Me, 2b: 7-Me, 2c: 7-Me, 2d: R=7-MeO. In contrast to 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxamides, 1, in which classical intramolecular N–H···O hydrogen bonds stabilize planar structures and hinder rotation of the amido group out of the coumarin plane in 2, without an equivalent hydrogen bond, there is a greater rotational freedom of the carboxylate group. The interplanar angles between the coumarin core and its attached –C(O)–R substituent in crystalline 2a2b2c and 2d are 10.41(6), 36.65(6), 10.4(2) and 5.64(6)°, respectively, with distances between the carbonyl oxygen atoms of 2.8255(16), 2.9278(16), 4.226(2) and 2.8328(14) Å, respectively. A theoretical study of molecular conformations was carried out at the M06-2X density level with the 6-31+G(d) and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets, in methanol solution modeled by PCM, indicated that the most stable conformations had the carbonyl group of the ester in the plane of the coumarin core: the s-cis arrangement of the ester carbonyl and the 2-oxo moieties being the slightly more stable than the s-trans form by less than 0.5 kcal/mol. The experimental conformations of 2a and 2d match well the low energy s-cis arrangement, and 2c matches the slightly lesser stable s-trans arrangement found in the theoretical study. A survey of the molecular conformations of more than 50 2H-chromene-3-carboxylates derivatives in the CCDC data base indicated two distinct groupings of conformations, s-cis and s-trans, each with interplanar angles <30°.


Keywords: 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate derivatives, crystal structures, density functional theory, hirshfeld surface analysis, molecular conformation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: 10.1515/zkri-2018-2117

Publication date: 24 de janeiro de 2019

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