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[:pb]Design, synthesis and anti-tuberculosis activity of hydrazones and N-acylhydrazones containing vitamin B6 and different heteroaromatic nucleus[:]

[:pb]Authors: Mendonca Nogueira, T. C. M.; Dos Santos, L. C.; Lourenço, C.; De Souza, M. V. N.
Source: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery, v. 16, p. 792-798, 2019
Publisher: Bentham Science


Abstract

Background: The term vitamin B6 refers to a set of six compounds, pyridoxine,pyridoxal ,and pyridoxamine and their phosphorylated forms, among which pyridoxal 5´-phosphate (PLP) is the most important and active form acting as a critical cofactor. These compounds are very useful in medicinal chemistry because of their structure and functionalities and are also used in bioinorganic chemistry as ligands for complexation with metals.

Methods: In this study, a series of hydrazones 1a-g and N-acylhydrazones 2a-f containing vitamin B6 have been synthesized from commercial pyridoxal hydrochloride and the appropriate aromatic or heteroaromatic hydrazine or N-acylhydrazine. All synthesized compounds have been fully characterized and tested against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Results: Among the N-acylhydrazones derivatives 2a-f, 2d (para- pyridine substituted Nacylhydrazone; MIC = 10.90 µM) exhibited the best activity. The ortho-pyridine derivative 2b exhibited intermediate activity (MIC = 87.32 µM), and the meta-pyridine derivative 2c was inactive. In case of the hydrazone series 1a-g, 7-chloroquinoxaline derivative 1f (MIC = 72.72 µM) showed the best result, indicating that the number of nitrogen and chlorine atoms in the radical moiety play an important role in the anti-tuberculosis activity of the quinoxaline derivatives (1f and 1g).

Conclusion: The data reported herein indicates that the isoniazid derivative 2d (MIC = 10.90 µM) exhibited the best activity in the N-acylhydrazone series and; the quinoxaline nucleus derivative 1f (MIC = 72.72 µM) was the most active compound in the hydrazone series.


Keywords: vitamin B6, pyridoxal, tuberculosis, drugs, hydrazone, N-acylhydrazone

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: 10.2174/1570180815666180627122055

Publication date: 2019[:]

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